1.表明事件發生的時間順序：then, first, at once, next,
after that, previously, while, when, the
following day, etc.
1)Listing: firstly, in the first place,
secondly, thirdly, my next point is,
2)Illustrating: for example/ for instance, to
illustrate, an example/ instance of this is,
let’s take….., take…. for example, etc.
3)Re-stating: in other words, that is to say,
to put it another way, let me put it this way,
or rather, namely, etc.
4)Referring: in this respect, in that
connection, as we said, apart from this, etc.
5)Resuming: to resume, to return to the
previous point, getting back to the argument,
6)Summarizing: to sum up, in short, it amounts
to this, what I have been saying is this, etc.
7)Emphasizing: it is worth noting, I would
like to direct your attention to, let us
consider, we must now turn to, I shall begin by,
1)Introducing( or emphasizing) further
evidence: moreover, furthermore, in addition,
what’s more, as well, etc.
2)Cause: ause (of), since, owing to, on
account of, due to, as a result of, etc.
3)Effect: as a result, hence, therefore,
consequently, thus, so, etc.
4)Contrasting: in / by contrast, on the
contrary, on the other hand, nevertheless,
whereas, while, yet, however, but, etc.
5)Comparison: in like manner, likewise, in the
same way, similarly, in comparison with, etc.
6)Purpose: to this end, for this purpose, with
this in mind, in order to, so that, etc.
7)Intensification: indeed, in fact, in any
event / case, at no time, to tell the truth, etc